Horses with saddles spawn in the world instead of the traditional horses.
Walk up to a horse and press [E] to mount it. ASDW controls the steering, Space to exit, and Shift to sprint.
Above your health bar, you will notice a yellow stamina bar while mounted. This bar indicates how long the horse can sprint for. When the bar runs out, the run speed will be reduced to a trot while it recovers. Stopping will help your stamina recover quickly.
There is a secondary bar that indicates the maximum stamina your horse can recover to. This can be increased by feeding your horse. Simply throw food down or walk up to fruits and vegetables and the horse will eat them. Eating food also causes your horse to regenerate its health. You can also see the horse health (if it is hurt) by looking at the saddle.
A few other things to note are that horses die very quickly if kept indoors, and will despawn after being unattended for 3 hours (similar to rowboats) They use much less stamina and sprint faster traveling on roads. They’ll also recover stamina faster if you keep their food level high.
Horses have a high amount of health, making it difficult to kill them quickly with primitive weapons. This makes them especially invaluable early-game. Horses have proven somewhat effective as a shield when baiting auto-turrets or avoiding roof campers as well, as they do not move without player input, even when taking damage. A horse’s health can be replenished with food, either by hand or by placing it near a stocked trough so that it can replenish as necessary. Horses can serve as a source of food and leather when killed, but these respective amounts are small, making it low-priority for resource gathering.
Horses have their max health and speed affected by their breed type. There’s also an information panel, which will allow you to equip them with various types of horse equipment.
Horse armor will grant the horse additional protection, as well as protect the rider from incoming damage. This might seem like it isn’t very realistic, but it doesn’t matter – it feels good in the game. Mounted riders should be something to be feared, not just sitting ducks. It is important to note that the rider protection does not stack with your existing armor, rather it reduces the incoming damage by a percentage before it is processed by player armor.
Horseshoes will grant additional movement speed to the horse
Saddlebags can be equipped to increase the size of the horse’s inventory, but will also reduce the horse’s max speed
Roadsign Horse Armor will provide your horse with a set of roadsign armor
A Hitching post and Trough allows for dismounting your horses and keeping them healthy and fed as long as it is kept stocked with food
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